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Project Number: p03-05c

Age of Disability Onset and Employment Outcomes: Results from the NHIS-D

Principal Investigators: Pamela Loprest and Elaine Maag

Project Type: Core Research

Project Year: 03

Thematic Category: Return to Work

Project Summary:

The purpose of this research is to examine the impact of onset of disability early in life on later employment outcomes. The early onset of disability (at birth through young adulthood) can affect a person's employment outcomes in many ways. In addition to the direct impact of disability on employment, early onset of disability likely affects the acquisition of education and job skills (human capital). This reduced "investment" in human capital in turn may reduce the individual's employment and earnings prospects throughout his or her lifetime. Historically, Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) served persons with disabilities who had significant work histories and accumulated human capital before experiencing a disability. Persons with earlier onset of disability may require different types of support. Policies and programs that intervene at the time schooling and early human capital investment decisions are being made may be essential to increasing employment outcomes across an entire lifetime.

Project Deliverables:

Final Technical Report: Age of Disability Onset and Employment Outcomes: Results from the NHIS-D (Word file Word file - 237k)